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Spider Solutions


Red-back Spider
Latrodectus hasseltii


The Red-back Spider is found all over Australia in open bush land, but is especially common in urban areas. Red-back  spiders prefer inhabited areas, and because it often builds its web in places like bins, sheds or outhouses, the Red-back Spider frequently comes into contact with humans, especially

during the summer months.The Red-back spider although not aggressive, over 600 bites occur each year in Australia-often when the spider is accidentally pressed against with the hand when cleaning, or lifting material containing a web. Bites are always from females as the male is much smaller and has jaws that are unable to penetrate human skin. The venom is highly toxic to humans but effective anti venom is widely available and no deaths have occurred since its development. As a member of the ‘widow’ group of spiders, the Redback Spider is also famous for the male’s suicidal tendencies. After mating, he spins around so that his abdomen is against the female’s fangs, effectively sacrificing himself to her. She mauls him, usually fatally, and eats him. If he escapes, he does so severely injured and returns to mate again-this time to certain death.

Habitat:


Red-backs spiders are mainly found nesting low to the ground in urban areas around pot plant, rocks, stairs, fence lines, forests and woodlands.Feeding on insects small lizards and even small mice have been known to fall victim to them.

Size:


Female  red-back spiders are 1.0cm to 1.4 cm body length,dark black with red stripe on abdomen

Male red-back spiders are 2-3 mm body length brown with white or red markings

Bite:


Red-back bites can cause serious illness and have been fatal as the venom attacks the central nervous system of the victim. Symptoms include severe pain, sweating, muscular weakness, nausea and vomiting, However medical attention should be sought as soon as possible.

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Sydney Funnel-web Spider
Hadronyche modest


The Sydney Funnel-webs spider is probably the most notorious of all spiders with a fearsome reputation.The Sydney Funnel-webs spider shows aggressive behavior, lifting its body back and showing off their impressive fangs.The male funnel-web spider also have a habit of wandering into backyards and falling into swimming pools. Funnel-web spiders sometimes enter and become trapped in houses. The Funnel-web is also known to have one of the most toxic venoms (to humans) of any spider. However, it is not true that all funnel-web bites are life-threatening-the venom of juvenile and female Sydney Funnel-web Spiders is much less toxic. A number of other spiders are often mistaken as funnel-webs, including mouse spiders, trapdoor spiders and even Black House Spiders.

Distribution:


The Sydney funnel web spider is found South of the Hunter River to the Illawarra region, west to the Blue Mountains, and along the coast line New South Wales

Habitat:


The Funnel-web spider makes burrow’s in sheltered sites under logs and rocks where they can find a cool, moist and humid climate There nest are often found around trees, sub floor of homes and rocky areas and bush areas.Funnel-webs tend to rush out of their burrow when potential prey, such as beetles, cockroaches, small lizards or snails, walk across fine web lines that the spider has placed outside of its burrow. They then go back to their burrow to eat their meal.

Appearance:


The Sydney Funnel-webs are shiny, dark brown to black spiders with large fangs and finger-like spinnerets at the end of their abdomen. Males have a large mating spur projecting from the middle of their second pair of legs.The male funnel web spider leaves it’s burrow and wanders around in summer and autumn to find females and mate thay are about 1.5-3.5 cm body length.

Bite:


Funnel-web bites are dangerous and first aid should be given immediately the victim should be taken to hospital

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White Tailed Spider
Lampona cylindrata


White-tailed spiders are found all over Australia. It ranges from northern Queensland to Victoria.They should be treated carefully although they are not aggressive
Distribution:


The White tailed spider is found on the Eastern side of Australia.

Habitat:


The White-tailed Spider is usually found under rocks and bark and logs, where it is an active, nocturnal hunter. It builds no web of its own but will approach those made by other spiders, feeling at the outside of the web. This web disturbance lures the prey spider from its retreat onto the web, where it is stalked and bitten by the White tailed spider. The White-tailed Spider is often seen in older houses and sheds, whose cracks and crevices, as well as the plentiful supply of insects and spiders, make them good places to hunting.

Appearance:


White-tailed spiders are easily recognized by their long black or greyish body and white marking at the tip of the abdomen they are about 1.0cm-1.5 cm in length.

Bite:


White tailed spider bites are moderately common.Bites may cause usually mild with initial pain followed by the development of an itchy lump at the wound site. Much less commonly, swelling and skin discoloration of the bitten area may occur, occasionally leading to local ulceration. An investigation of over 100 verified bites did not find a single case of ulceration. If bitten, catch the spider for identification and seek medical advice.

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